رابطة سبک‌های دلبستگی و وانمودگرایی دانش‌آموزان با واسطه‌گری عزت‌نفس و تعدیل‌کنندگی شفقت به خود

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

10.22084/j.psychogy.2022.25049.2377

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه‌ی سبک‌های دلبستگی ناایمن و وانمودگرایی دانش‌آموزان با واسطه‌گری عزت‌نفس و تعدیل‌کنندگی شفقت به خود انجام شد.
روش: جامعه‌ی آماری این پژوهش شامل تمامی دانش‌آموزان دختر و پسر مقطع متوسطه دوم سال تحصیلی 1400-1399 شهرستان فارسان بود. تعداد 396 دانش‌آموز (199 دختر و 197 پسر) با روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. در این پژوهش از مقیاس پدیده وانمودگرایی کلانس (1985)، مقیاس سبک‌های دلبستگی هازن و شیور (1987)، مقیاس عزت‌نفس روزنبرگ (1965) و فرم کوتاه مقیاس شفقت به خود ریس، پومیر و همکاران (2011) استفاده شد. ارزیابی الگوی پیشنهادی با استفاده از مدل­سازی معادلات ساختاری و با روش بوت استراپ انجام گرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد الگوی پیشنهادی از برازش قابل قبولی برخوردار است. ارزیابی مسیرهای الگو نشان داد عزت‌نفس رابطه بین دلبستگی اجتنابی و وانمودگرایی (۰۰۱/۰p<، 13/۰β=) و رابطه بین دلبستگی اضطرابی و وانمودگرایی (۰۰۱/۰p<، 19/۰β=) را میانجی می­کند. علاوه بر این، نتایج بیانگر این بود که شفقت به خود رابطه بین سبک‌های دلبستگی ناایمن و وانمودگرایی را تعدیل نمی‌کند و فقط ارتباط بین سبک دلبستگی اضطرابی و عزت‌نفس را تعدیل می­کند.
نتیجه‌گیری: عزت‌نفس، رابطه بین دلبستگی اجتنابی و اضطرابی با وانمودگرایی را میانجی‌گری می‌کند و شفقت به خود رابطه بین دلبستگی اضطرابی و عزت‌نفس را تعدیل می‌کند. یافته‌ها دارای تلویحات کاربردی برای مشاوران مدرسه و روان‌شناسان تربیتی جهت پیشگیری و کنترل پدیده وانمودگرایی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Attachment Styles and students' Impostorism with Mediating of Self-esteem and Moderating of Self-compassion

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasim Rezaei 1
  • Mohammadreza Tamannaeifar 2
1 Master student of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The aim of current study was investigate the relationship between insecure attachment styles and students' impostorism with mediating of self-esteem and moderating of self-compassion.
Results: The results showed that the proposed model has an acceptable fit. Evaluation of model pathways showed that self-esteem mediates the relationship between avoidant attachment and impostorism (p <0/001, β = 0/13) and the relationship between anxiety attachment and impostorism (p <0/001, β = 0/19). In addition, the results showed that self- compassion does not moderate the relationship between insecure attachment styles and impostorism and it only moderates the relationship between anxiety attachment style and self-esteem.
Conclusion: Self-esteem mediates the relationship between avoidant and anxious attachment and impostorism, and self-compassion moderates the relationship between anxious attachment and self-esteem. The findings have practical implications for school, counselors and educational psychologists to prevent and control the impostor phenomenon.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Impostorism
  • Attachment Styles
  • Self-Esteem
  • self-compassion
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