طراحی بسته آموزشی تربیت مثبت مدرسه‌محور و بررسی اثربخشی آن بر سطوح بهزیستی اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان پسر پایه ششم ابتدایی منطقه یک تهران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 استاد گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

هدف: تربیت مثبت مدرسه‌محور سازه جدیدی است که رسالت آن، اصلاح و نهادینه‌سازی مفاهیم مثبتی همچون امید، شادی، بخشش، همدلی و خودتنظیمی از طریق آموزش دانش‌آموزان در مدرسه به‌عنوان محیطی مناسب جهت یادگیری ارزش‌ها و هنجارها، است. هدف پژوهش حاضر، طراحی بسته آموزشی تربیت مثبت مدرسه محور و اثربخشی بر سطوح بهزیستی اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان پسر پایه ششم ابتدایی منطقه یک تهران بود.
روش: ٥٩ نفر از دانش‌آموزان پسر پایه ششم ابتدایی منطقه یک شهر تهران در سال تحصیلی ۹۹-١۳۹٨ به شیوه خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. روش پژوهش، نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح گروه کنترل نابرابر بود. گروه آزمایش ١٢ جلسه به مدت ٤٠ دقیقه آموزش تربیت مثبت مدرسه‌محور دریافت نمودند. آزمودنی‌ها قبل و بعد از آموزش، به پرسشنامه بهزیستی اجتماعی کی یس (۱٩٩۸) پاسخ دادند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس نشان داد که نمرات بهزیستی اجتماعی در گروه آزمایش بیشتر از گروه کنترل بود. بنابراین، آموزش تربیت مثبت مدرسه محور بر بهزیستی اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان تأثیر مثبت دارد (٠٠١/٠P<). همچنین، آموزش تربیت مثبت مدرسه محور باعث افزایش ٩٣% از تغییرات بهزیستی اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: بنابراین با توجه به مؤثر بودن آموزش مفاهیم تربیت مثبت مدرسه‌محور بر بهزیستی اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان ابتدایی، به دست‌‌اندرکاران امور آموزشی نوجوانان توصیه می‌شود این مفاهیم را برای بهبود بهزیستی و روابط بین فردی به کار ببرند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a School-Based Positive Education Package and Evaluating Its’ Effectiveness on Social Well-Being Levels of Sixth Grade Male Students in District One of Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sama Sadat 1
  • Shahram Vahedi 2
  • Eskandar Fathiazar 2
  • Rahim Badri gargari 2
1 PhD in Educational Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: School-based positive education is a new structure that its Prophetic mission is to modify and institute the positive concepts as hope, happiness, forgiveness, empathy and self-regulation via training the students in school as an appropriate setting for learning values and norms. The aim of this study was to design a school-based positive education package and its effectiveness on the social well-being levels of sixth grade elementary school boys in District One of Tehran.
Method: Sixth grade male students in District 1 of Tehran in the academic year 2019-2020 were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling and randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. The research method was quasi-experimental with unequal control group design. The experimental group received 12 sessions of 40 minutes of school-based positive education training. Subjects answered the Keys Social Well-being Questionnaire (1998) before and after training.
Results: The results of analysis of covariance showed that social well-being scores in the experimental group were significantly higher than the control group. Therefore, positive school-based education has a positive effect on students' social well-being (P <0.001). Also, positive school-based education increased %93 of students' social well-being changes.
Conclusion: Therefore, due to the effectiveness of teaching the concepts of positive school-based education on the social well-being of elementary students, adolescents are advised to use these concepts to improve well-being and interpersonal relationships.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • school-based positive education package
  • social well-being
  • primary students
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