تأثیر تکنیک یادگیری کوانتومی فاینمن بر مهارت‎های شناختی و فراشناختی، خودکارآمدی تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه بوعلی‌سینا، همدان، ایران

2 استادیار، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اجتماعی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه بوعلی‌سینا، همدان، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه بوعلی‌سینا، همدان، ایران

چکیده

هدف: در جوامع امروزی تکنیک یادگیری کوانتومی ریچارد فاینمن (1965) به‌عنوان یکی از روش‌های تدریس فعال مطرح است، روشی که کلیه فرآیندهایی که باعث ایجاد یادگیری به‌عنوان یک فرآیند خوشایند و معنی‌دار می‌شود را در برمی‌گیرد. هدف پژوهش تعیین تأثیر تکنیک یادگیری کوانتومی فاینمن بر مهارت‎های شناختی و فراشناختی، خودکارآمدی تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان بود.
روش: روش پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی و شامل طرح گروه کنترل نابرابر بود. جامعه پژوهش شامل دانشجویان علوم تربیتی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان بود که با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس تعداد 23 نفر به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (11 نفر) و کنترل (12 نفر) قرار گرفتند. ابزار پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه راهبردهای شناختی و فراشناختی وﻟﺰ و ﮐﺎرﺗﺮاﯾﺖ ﻫﺎﺗﻮن (1997)؛ پرسشنامه خودکارآمدی تحصیلی مورگان- جینکز (1999) و آزمون عملکرد تحصیلی (محقق ساخته) بود. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تحلیل کواوریانس چندمتغیره استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که تکنیک یادگیری کوانتومی فاینمن بر مهارت‌های شناختی و فراشناختی دانشجویان در سطح (05/0< P) تأثیر دارد. تکنیک یادگیری کوانـتومی فاینمن بر خودکارآمدی تحصیلی دانشجویان در سطح (05/0< P) تأثیر دارد. تکنیک یادگیری کوانتومی فاینمن بر عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان در سطح (01/0< P) تأثیر دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: تکنیک یادگیری کوانتومی فاینمن موجب فعال شدن یادگیرنده می‌شود، فرد از راهبردها و سبک‌های یادگیری بهره برده و به توانایی‌های خود برای مطالعه اعتماد می‌کند تا با علاقه بیشتری به مطالعه مطالب درسی بپردازد که این موارد باعث افزایش پیشرفت تحصیلی، خودکارآمدی تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان می‌شود. کاربرد تکنیک یادگیری کوانتومی فاینمن، مهارت‎های شناختی و فراشناختی، خودکارآمدی تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان را بهبود بخشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Feynman Quantum Learning Technique on Cognitive and Metacognitive Skills, Academic Self-Efficacy and Students' Academic Performance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Rasoul Emadi 1
  • Akbar Momenirad 2
  • Zahra Bayat 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, Department of Educational Sciences, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
3 Master of Educational Technology, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: In today's society, the Feynman Quantum Learning Technique (1965) is one of the methods of active teaching, a method that includes all the processes that make learning a pleasant and meaningful process. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Feynman quantum learning technique on cognitive and metacognitive skills, academic self-efficacy and students' academic performance.
Method: The research method was quasi-experimental and included an unequal control group design. The study population included students of educational sciences of Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan. Using available sampling method, 23 people were randomly divided into experimental (n = 11) and control (n = 12) groups. Research tools include the Cartwright-Hatton and Wells Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategies Questionnaire (1997); Morgan-Jenks (1999) Academic Self-Efficacy Questionnaire and Academic Performance Test (researcher-made). Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that Feynman quantum learning technique has an effect on students' cognitive and metacognitive skills at the level (P<0.05). Feynman quantum learning technique has an effect on students' academic self-efficacy at the level (P<0.05). Feynman quantum learning technique has an effect on students' academic performance at the level (P<0.01).
Conclusion: Feynman quantum learning technique activates the learner, the person uses learning strategies and styles and trusts in his / her reading abilities to study the subject with more interest, which increases students' academic progress, academic self-efficacy and academic performance. The application of Feynman's quantum learning technique improved students' cognitive and metacognitive skills, academic self-efficacy, and academic performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Feynman Quantum Learning
  • Cognitive and Metacognitive Skills
  • Academic self-efficacy
  • Academic Performance
  • Students
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