تأثیر آموزش راهبردهای فراشناختی بر کمک طلبی و تعلل‌ورزی تحصیلی دانشجویان مشروطی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه یاسوج

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر آموزش راهبردهای فراشناختی بر کمک طلبی و تعلل‌ورزی تحصیلی دانشجویان مشروطی دانشگاه یاسوج انجام شد.
روش:  طرح پژوهش آزمایشی با پیش­آزمون-پس­آزمون همراه با گروه کنترل بود. در راستای هدف پژوهش از جامعه دانشجویان مشروطی دانشگاه یاسوج، 40 دانشجو با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند و در مرحله بعد به‌طور تصادفی به دو گروه متشکل از گروه آزمایش (20 نفر) و گروه کنترل (20 نفر) اختصاص یافتند. گروه آزمایش تحت 8 جلسه آموزش راهبردهای فراشناختی قرار گرفت. فرایند جمع‌آوری داده‌ها در مرحله پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با مقیاس کمک طلبی ریان و پینتریچ (۱۹۹۷) و مقیاس تعلل‌ورزی تحصیلی سواری (1390) برای همه شرکت‌کنندگان در دو گروه انجام گرفت. داده‌های جمع‌آوری‌شده با تحلیل کوواریانس توسط نرم‌افزار SPSS-21 انجام گرفت.
یافته­ها: یافته‌ها نشان داد که بین کمک طلبی و تعلل‌ورزی تحصیلی گروه آزمایش در مقایسه با گروه گواه تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (001/0>P).
نتیجه­گیری: نتایج نشان داد که راهبردهای فراشناختی یک برنامه آموزش مؤثر برای افزایش کمک طلبی و کاهش تعلل‌ورزی تحصیلی میان دانشجویان مشروطی است و این مداخله آموزشی با اصلاح عقاید زیربنایی دانشجویان نقش مؤثری در بهبود کمک طلبی و کاهش تعلل‌ورزی تحصیلی آن‌ها دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of metacognitive strategies on help seeking and academic procrastination probation students in Yasouj University

نویسنده [English]

  • ali taghvaeinei
چکیده [English]

Objective: This study aims to consider the effect of metacognitive strategies on help seeking and academic procrastination probation students in Yasouj University.
Method: It was a semi-experimental design with pretest-posttest and control group. The statistical population of the study included the probation students in Yasouj University.40 students were selected through random sampling method and randomly assigned to two groups composited of treatment group (20 students) and control group (20students).Treatment group encountered with 8 metacognitive strategies. Data gathering process was performed by procrastination scale and help seeking scale in pretest and posttest for all participants in two groups. Gathered data analyzed using analysis of covariance by SPSS-21 software.
Results: The results showed that there is significant difference in academic procrastination and help seeking among treatment group and control group. These findings reflect that metacognitive strategies is an effective plan for reducing the academic procrastination and increase help seeking among probation students.
Conclusion: this intervention by reforming underpinning ideas among students have effective role in improvement of help seeking and reducing academic procrastination.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • academic procrastination
  • academic help seeking
  • metacognitive strategies

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