بررسی تأثیر آموزش برنامه پیشگیری از قلدری بر سازگاری، همدلی و قلدری دانش‌آموزان دختر دوره اول متوسطه شهر اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 استاد گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

3 دانشیارگروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

4 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر آموزش برنامه پیشگیری از قلدری بر سازگاری، همدلی و قلدری دانش آموزان دختر دوره اول متوسطه شهر اهواز بود.
روش: روش این پژوهش آزمایشی و از طرح گروه گواه با پیش آزمون-پس آزمون و پیگیری بوده است. برای انتخاب آزمودنی­ها از روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی چندمرحله­ای استفاده گردید و بر اساس تکمیل پرسشنامه ایلی­نویز و نظرسنجی از دبیران، 40 نفر از دانش­آموزان قلدر انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایشی و گواه قرار گرفتند. دانش­آموزان هر دو گروه به سیاهه سازگاری برای دانش‌آموزان مدارس، مقیاس همدلی پایه و پرسشنامه تجدیدنظر شده قلدر/ قربانی اولویس، پاسخ دادند. برنامه پیشگیری از قلدری برای گروه آزمایشی در 15 جلسه 90 دقیقه­ای به‌صورت دوبار در هفته، آموزش داده شد. سپس در مرحله پس­آزمون و پیگیری، هر دو گروه به پرسشنامه­های پژوهش پاسخ دادند. داده­ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری (MANCOVA) و تحلیل کوواریانس تک‌متغیره (ANCOVA) مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند.
یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد که آموزش برنامه پیشگیری از قلدری باعث کاهش قلدری در گروه آزمایشی در مراحل پس‌آزمون و پی­گیری شد. همچنین، میزان سازگاری و همدلی در گروه آزمایشی در مراحل پس­آزمون و پی­گیری افزایش یافت.
نتیجه­گیری: کاربرد برنامه پیشگیری از قلدری می­تواند مشکلات مربوط به رفتارهای قلدری را در مدارس کاهش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Bullying Prevention Program Training on Bullying, Adjustment and Empathy among Middle School Female Students, in Ahvaz

نویسندگان [English]

  • fatmeh golestan 1
  • manije shahani yeylagh 2
  • naser behrozi 3
  • morteza omidiyan 4
چکیده [English]

Objective: The Effect of Bullying Prevention Program Training on Bullying, Adjustment and Empathy among Middle School Female Students, in Ahvaz. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of bullying prevention program training on bullying, adjustment and empathy among middle school female students, in Ahvaz.
Method: The design of the study was an experimental research including pretest-posttest-follow up and control group. The participants in this study were selected by Multistage random sampling method. Based on Illinois questionnaire and opinion poll done on teachers, 40 students were selected as bully and divided randomly into experimental and control groups. The participants completed Revised-Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire, Adjustment Inventory for School Students and Basic Empathy Scale. The experimental group received 15 sessions (90 minutes, twice a week) of training based on the Bullying prevention program. Then, in post-test and its follow-up stage, both groups answered questionnaires of the study. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).
Results: The result showed that bullying prevention program training has decreased bullying and also has increased adjustment and empathy at posttest and follow up stages.
Conclusion: Bullying prevention program training can reduce problems associated with bullying behavior at schools.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bullying Prevention Program
  • bullying
  • adjustment
  • empathy

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