Developing an ELT context-specific Grit instrument

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor

2 PhD. student


Objective: With consideration of the importance of grit for learning English as a foreign language (EFL), the present study aimed to develop and validate an EFL grit instrument whose items are specific to EFL context. 

Method: A Methodology of this research was descriptive and participants of this study were EFL teachers and learners in Hamadan and Tehran Language Institutes. This questionnaire was developed reviewing the existing literature and exploring EFL experts’ perceptions.

Results: The piloting and testing of the tentative model through exploratory and confirmatory data analyses with the use of scree plot, Bartlett’s test of sphericity, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) measure of sampling adequacy and warimax rotation on a sample of 306 EFL learners indicated the existence of four reliable factors of “Trying Hard to Learn English (0.78)”, “Having Interest in Learning English (0.84)”, “Practicing a lot in order to Learn English (0.81)” and “Having Goal for Learning English (0.82)” and the reliability of 0.83 for the whole questionnaire.
Conclusion: So, it could be said that, the present questionnaire is a reliable and valid instrument for applied educational, linguistics and psycholinguistics researches.


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