The Effectiveness of Teaching Self-regulatory Learning Strategies on Cognitive Flexibility and Reflective Thinking in Students

Document Type : Research Article


1 Senior expert in the field of educational research, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchistan, Zahedan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchistan, Zahedan, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchistan, Zahedan, Iran


Objective: The present study aimed to examine the effectiveness of teaching self-regulation learning strategies on students’ cognitive flexibility and reflective thinking.
Method: The research method was a semi-experimental pre-test-post-test type with a control group. The statistical population included all male students in the second year of secondary school in Zabol city during 2021-2022, 50 of whom were selected through purposive sampling method and then divided equally into two groups of 25, the experimental group and the control group that the teaching of self-regulation learning strategies was carried out on the experimental group during 10 meetings of 90 minutes. The research tools were a reflective thinking questionnaire (Kamber and Leung, 2000), cognitive flexibility questionnaire (Dennis and Vander Wal, 2010), and self-regulation learning strategies training package (Karami et al., 2013). The collected data were analyzed through SPSS software version 26 and univariate and multivariate covariance analysis.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the post-test scores of the experimental and control group. This means that teaching self-regulatory learning strategies increased the cognitive flexibility and reflective thinking of experimental group (P<0.01).                            
Conclusions: The teaching of self-regulation learning strategies is effective on students' cognitive flexibility and reflective thinking, and improves the cognitive flexibility and reflective thinking of students.


Main Subjects

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