Effect of Group Education of Academic Vitality, Positive Attitude, and Time Perspective on Academic Anxiety and Burnout of Ninth-Grade Male Students. A Comparative Study

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD student of Educational Psychology, Department of Educational Science and Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran .

2 assistant Professor, Department of Educational Science and Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Department of Educational Science and Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.


Objective: The present research compared the effect of group education on academic vitality, positive attitude, and time perspective on academic anxiety and burnout of ninth-grade male students.
Methods: This research was a quasi-experimental study with a four-group design in three stages (pre-test, post-test, and follow-up). The population under study was ninth-grade male students, and the sample size was 72 people selected by purposive sampling. Data measurement tools included the Alpert and Haber (1960) Academic Anxiety Questionnaire and the Breso-Salanova-Shaufeli (2007) Academic Burnout Questionnaire. We analyzed data using variance, repeated measurement, and Levene and Machley tests. These analyzes were performed using SPSS software (version 22).
Results: There is a significant difference between the adjusted mean scores of academic anxiety in educational vitality, positive attitude, and time perspective groups and the control group. There is no difference between the adjusted mean scores of academic anxiety in the academic vitality education group, positive attitude education group, and time perspective group.
Conclusion: The results also showed a significant difference between the adjusted mean scores of academic burnout in the academic vitality education group, positive attitude education group, and the control group. There is a significant difference between the adjusted mean scores of academic burnout of the Vitality Education Group and the Time Perspective Education Group. However, the academic burnout scores difference is not significant between the time perspective education group and the control group. This means that the time perspective education has not significantly reduced the academic burnout scores of ninth-grade male students.


Main Subjects

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