The educational cynicism among the students of Distance Learning: identification of indicators and dimensions of quality research

Document Type : Research Article



Aim: The aim of present research is to identify indicators of cynicism among the students of Distance Learning, In order to create a conceptual framework and develop its theoretical foundations.
Method: This qualitative research was conducted using a descriptive phenomenological approach. Participants in this study included 18 undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph. D. Students from Payame Noor University in academic year of 1395-1396. The selection of contributors was based on experience and general familiarity with the subject. The data were collected by semi-structured, interview, and general guidance methods and it continued until theoretical saturation. The data analysis using the inductive content analysis method was conducted in three open, axial and selective levels.
Findings: The findings showed that 54 indicators can be identified and categorized in four dimensions of cynicism toward the Professor, cynicism toward university, social cynicism and personal cynicism.
Results: Students' cynicism is an important and influential factor in the company and the completion of distance education courses, which requires identification and reviewed.


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