The Comparison of Recognition Memory and Spatial visualization Based on Peterson mental maze in Students with High and Low Information Processing Speed

Document Type : Research Article


1 گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه ارومیه

2 استادیار روانشناسی، دانشگاه گلستان، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، گلستان، ایران


Objective: The present study aimed to compare recognition memory and spatial visualisation based on Peterson mental maze in students with high and low information processing speed.
Method: The present study was a causal-comparative approach. The statistical population of the study included male students of Urmia University in the academic year 2015- 16 based on the final distribution of Z-scores (Z ± 25/1) in the Stroop questionnaire. 140 students were selected as samples using random cluster sampling and answered to Wechsler's recognition memory and Peterson's mental maze tests. Obtained data were studied by Box, levene and kolmogorow- smirnov's tests and analysed by using multivariate analysis of variance.
Results: The findings of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed that the recognition memory mean of the high processing speed group was high compared to the low data processing speed group and their Peterson's mental maze errors were low and conversely. the recognition memory mean of the low processing speed group was low and their Peterson's mental maze errors were high.
Conclusion: recognition memory and spatial visualization of the sample group affected by processing speed and Students with high data processing speed enjoy a higher capability in this regard.


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