The roles of grit and intelligence in predicting students' academic Achievement

Document Type : Research Article


1 psychology department,Economics and Social Sciences,Bu- Ali Sina University, hamedan, iran

2 Assistant Professor of psychology department,Economics and Social Sciences,Bu- Ali Sina University, hamedan, iran

3 assistant professor of psychology department,economic anh social sciences,Bu- Ali Sina University, hamedan,iran


Aim: This research was carried out to investigate the role of grit and its dimensions as well as intelligence in predicting students' academic achievement.
Method: The method of this research was correlational. The population was 5200 students of the sophomore and higher students of Bu-Ali Sina University whom 379 were chosen with Multi-stage cluster sampling. The research tool was the 12-question grit questionnaire of Duckworth (2007) and the culture-independent three intelligence scale of Cattell (1940). The reliability of grit questionnaire in the present research was 0. 836 by Cronbachʼs alpha Cefficient.
Findings: The findings showed that grit and intelligence can predict the academic achievement by%26, separately grit by%43 and intelligence by%18. about grit subscales, it was as follows: consistency in interst %32 and perseverance of effort %24. Grit and intelligence are related to academic achievement by 0/48 and 0/31, respectively. about grits subscales it was as follows: Consistency in interst 0/44 and perseverance of effort 0/39.
Conclusion: It is included that grit is a more significant factor than intelligence in predicting academic achievement. This fact as a new view can show the need for considering students' grit by teachers.


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