Prediction of Students Grit based on Mindset

Document Type : Research Article



Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigating this hypothesis that share of growth mindset in predict the grit is more than fixed mindset.
Method: Method of research was correlation and statistical society in cludedall last year student under graduate (93-94) in wich number of 302 were selected using classing random sampling. Assesment tools consisted Duckworth Grit scale (2007) and Dweck Mindset scale (2007).
Results: The results of study confiremed above hypothesis. Results:Namely through of two mindset growth mindset could predict the grit (P˂0/001).
Conclusion: Means that people with growth mindset in following up of long term goals and in encountering whith failure showed more grit than others with fixed mindset that deprived of it.


Aronson, J.; Fried, C. B. and Good, C. (2002); Reducing the effects of stereotype threat on African American college students by shaping theories of intelligence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 113-125. 598.
Blackwell, L.; Trzesniewski, K. and Dweck, C.S. (2007); Implicit theories of intelligence predict achievement across an adolescent transition: A longitudinal study and an intervention. Child Development, 78, 246-263.
Duckworth, AL.; Peterson, C.; Matthews, MD. and Kelly, DR. (2007); Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Pers Assess. 92(6), 1087-1101
Duckworth, AL. and Quinn, PD. (2009); Development and validation of the short grit scale(grit-s). Journal of Pers Assess 91(2), 174-166.
Duckworth, A. and Eskreis-Winkler, L. (2013). True Grit. Observer, vol. 26, No. 4. Availableat:
Dweck, C. S. (1999); Self-theories: Their role in motivation, personalityand development.
Dweck, C. S. (2006); Mindset, the new psychology of success: How wecan learn to fulfill our potential. New York, NY: BallantineBooks.
Dweck, C. S. and Sorich, L. (1999); Mastery-oriented thinking. In: Synder, C.R., Coping. New York: Oxford University Press, 232
Elliot, E. S. and Dweck, C. S. (1988); Goals: An approach to motivationand achievement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 5-12.
Elliot, A. and Dweck, C. S. (2005); Handbook of Competence and MotivationNew York: Guilford.
Ellis, A. and Knaus W. J. (1977); Overcoming procrastination: How to think and act rationally in spite of life's inevitable hassles. New York: Institute for Rational Living.
Dweck, C. S.; Walton, G. M. and Cohen, G. L. (2011); Academic tenacity: Mindsets and skills that promoteong-term learning. White paper prepared for the Gates Foundation. Seattle, WA.
Farrington, C. A.; Roderick, M.; Allensworth, E.; Nagaoka, J.; Keyes, T. S.; Johnson, D. W. and Beechum, N. O. (2012); Teaching adolescents to become learners. The role of noncognitive factors in shaping school performance: A critical literature review. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research.
Ferrari JR.; Johnson JL. and McCown WG. (1995); Procrastination and task avoidance: Theory, research, and treatment. NewYork: Plenum Publications 14, 225-242.
Good, C.; Aronson, J. and Inzlicht, M. (2003); Improving adolescents' standardized test performance: An intervention to reduce the effects of stereotype threat. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 24, 645-662.
Gollwitzer, P. (1990); Action phases and mind-sets. In E. T. Higgins & R. M. Sorrentino (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition. Vol. 2, 53-92.
Gunderson, E. A.; Gripshover, S. J.; Romero, C. and Dweck, C. S. (2013); Parent Praise to 1- to 3-Year-Olds Predicts Children’s Motivational Frameworks 5 Years Later. Child Development 84, 5, 1526-1541.
James, W. (1907); The energies of men. Science, 25, 321-332.
Maddi, S. R.; Wadhwa, P. and Haier, R. J. (1996); Relationship of hardiness to alcohol and drug use in adolescents. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 22, 247-257.
Mueller, C. M. and Dweck, C. S. (1998); Praise for intelligence can under minechildren’s motivation and performance. Journal of Personality and SocialPsychology, 75, 33-52.
Sinha, J. B. P. (2008); Culture and organizational behavior. NewDelhi: Sage.
Solomon, LJ. and Rothblum ED. (1984); Academic procrastination:Frequency and cognitive-behavioral correlates. J Couns Psychol. 31 (4), 503.
Steel, P. (2007); The nature of procrastination: A meta-analyticand theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure. Psychol Bull. 133 (1), 65.
Tough, P. (2012); How children succeed: Grit, curiosity, and the hidden power of character. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Utman, C. H. (1997); Performance effects of motivational state: A metaanalysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1,170-182.