The Relationship of Metacognitive Strategies and Creativity with Learning Styles of Students Who Have Siblings with Internalizing, Externalizing, and Emotional Disorders

Document Type : Research Article



Objective: Metacognition is one’s awareness of his/her thinking process and the ability to control that process. Cognitive strategies are among the most important means of learning and recalling; therefore, the current study aimed to examine the relationship of metacognitive strategies and creativity with learning styles of students who have siblings with special needs.
Method: In this descriptive study, using convenience sampling method, 140 individuals (70 girls and 70 boys) were selected among siblings of children with special needs associated with internalizing, externalizing, and emotional disorders referred to Welfare Centers in Hamedan Province. To measure metacognitive strategies, to examine creativity and to determine learning styles, respectively, the State Metacognitive Inventory (ESM), Abedi’s Creativity Test, and Learning Style Inventory (Wark) were applied. The data was analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis with PResults: The obtained results indicated that metacognitive strategies and creativity were positively and significantly related to learning styles of students who have siblings with special needs.
Conclusion: Given the results of the present study, it can be inferred that metacognitive strategies and creativity among students who have siblings with special needs are good predictors of the variable of learning styles.


آزاد عبدالله­پور، محمد (1384)؛ رابطه بین سبک­های شناختی و فراشناختی با پیشرفت تحصیلی. فصلنامه پژوهش‌های روان‌شناختی. شماره 16.
پرویز، کوروش (1388)؛ بررسی رابطه راهبردهای شناختی و فــراشناختی با میزان مـوفقیت تحصیلی دانش­آموزان شهری و روستایی مقطع متوسطه. پایان­نامه کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.
عابدینی منش، انسیه (1382)؛ تأثیر توانایی­های کلامی بر مهارت حل مسأله ریاضی دانش­آموزان دوزبانه و تک­زبانه شهر تهران. پایان­نامه کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دانشکده روانشناسی.
عطارخامه، فاطمه و سیف، علی‌اکبر (1388)؛ تأثیر آموزش راهبردهای یادگیری مطالعه فراشناختی بر انگیزش و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش­آموزان. تهران، پژوهش­نامه مطالعات روان­شناسی تربیتی، شماره 9.
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