A Study of The Effectiveness of Emotional Schema Therapy on Self-Control Strategies among Students with Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD Student in Counseling, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Counseling Department, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran


Objective: The aim of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of emotional schema therapy on self-control strategies among students with oppositional defiant disorder.
Method: The research design was a single subject design of ABA type. The statistical population of the study also included all high school students in Dalahu city in the academic year 2020-2021. In this study, 6 students were selected by purposive sampling method with full observance of ethical considerations. The tools used in this study were semi-structured clinical interview based on DSM-5, oppositional defiant disorder rating scale and Tangney self-control scale. The subjects then received 10 sessions of intervention based on emotional schema therapy and after the fourth, seventh and tenth sessions were evaluated by research tools.
Results: The results of the statistical analysis show the effectiveness of emotional schema therapy on self-control symptoms in 6 participants. Cohen's d values are in the range of 0.41 to 0.80 and indicate a moderate effect. PEM, PND and PAND indices are all 1 and the absolute value of RCI is greater than 1 in all cases.
Conclusion: Therefore, the emotional schema Therapy hypothesis is effective on students’ self-control strategies with oppositional defiant disorder.


Main Subjects

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