The Efectiveness of Computer-Based Cognitive Rehabilitation on Academic Burnout and Academic Performance of Students

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD student in Educational Psychology, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Objective: The aim of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of computer-based cognitive rehabilitation on academic burnout and academic performance of students.
Methods: The study was a experimental with pre-test and post-test design with control groups. The statistical population of the study included all female high school students in Ardabil in the academic year 2020-2021, from it, a sample of 30 females was selected by cluster random sampling and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups of 15 students.
To conduct the research, under the same conditions, both groups of per-test were tested using the academic questionnaire. The data collection tools were Bresó, Salanova & Schaufeli (2007), Academic Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ), along with Pham & Taylor (1999) Academic Performance Questionnaire (APQ). Afterwards, the experimental group was trained in Captain Log cognitive software for 16 sessions. The control group did not receive any intervention. The results were analyzed using multivariate covariance test.
Results: Research results show that computer-based cognitive rehabilitation intervention in the experimental group has reduced academic burnout and increasd students' academic performance (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Based on these results, the training and application of cognitive rehabilitation seems necessary to provide suitable conditions and platform for teaching and learning.


Main Subjects

Azhdari, M., Tabatabai, S., & Makund Hosseini., Sh. (1400). The effectiveness of computerized cognitive rehabilitation on executive functions and severity of symptoms of people with major depressive disorder. Konesh bimonthly, 24(1), 109-111. [In Persian]
Badri Gargari, R., Mesrabadi, J., Palangi, M., & Fathi, R. (2021). Factor Structure of the School Burnout Questionnaire via Confirmatory Factor Analysis in High School Students. Quarterly Journal of Educational Measurement, 2(7), 164-180. [In Persian]
Barzegar, M., Taleh Pasand, S., & Rahimian Boger, I. (2019). Comparison of the effectiveness of computer- baseed cognitive training, intervention of nutritional supplements and the combination of the two on improving attention and behavioral symptoms of attention deficit- hyperactivity disorder. Exceptional Childrens Quarterly, 2(19), 35-48. [In Persian]
Blanca Mena, M. J., Escobar Espejo, M., Lima Ramos, J. F., Byrne, D., & Alarcón Postigo, R. (2020). Psychometric properties of a short form of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-14). Psicothema.
Bresó, E., Salanova, M., & Schaufeli, W.B. (2007). In search of the “third dimension” of burnout. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56, 460-478. doi:org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00290.x
Canedo, M. D. M. F., Rodríguez, C. F., & Rico, P. G. (2021). Flexibilidad en el afrontamiento del estrés y fortalezas personales en estudiantes universitarios. European Journal of Education and Psychology, 14(1), 1-14.
Delevar, A. (1385). Research method in psychology and educational sciences. 19th edtion, Tehran, Virayesh Publication. [In Persian]
Dortaj, F. (1383). Investigating the effect of process and product mental simulation on improving students academic performance, building and normalizing academic performance. Ph.D Thesis, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University. [In Persian]
Dortaj, F., Zarei Zawarki, I., Aliabadi, Kh., Farajollahi, M., & Delavar, A. (1395). The effect of Mok-based distance education on the academic performance of Payam Noor University students. Scientific Research Journal of Research in Educationl System, 10(35), 1-20. [In Persian]
Esmailzadeh Rozbahani, A., Behrouzi, N., Omidian, M., & Maktabi, Gh. (1400). The effect of computerized cognitive rehabilitation on executive functions and problem solving in students with math learning disorders. Empowerment of exceptional children magazine. 12(4), 87-98.. [In Persian]
Fernández, O., Ramos, E., Goñi, E., & Rodríguez, A. (2020). The role of social support in school adjustment during Secondary Education. Psicothema, 32, 100-107.
Firoozee, S., Abol-Maali Al-Hussaini, Kh., & Nokani, M. (1400). Comparing the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation using computer, sensory integration and combining these two methods on improving the working memory of students with special learning disabilities. Journal of Psychological Sciences, 20(97), 123-137. [In Persian]
García-Carmona, M., Marín, M. D., & Aguayo, R. (2019). Burnout syndrome in secondary school teachers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Social Psychology of Education, 22(1), 189-208. doi:10.1007/s11218-018-9471-9
Gharashi, K., & Abdi, R. (2022). The Effect iveness of Cognitive Rehabilitation on Planning and Working Memory of Executive Functions in Cochlear Implanted Children. Auditory and Vestibular Research, 3(31), doi:10.18502/avr.v31i3.9868. [In Persian]
Ghorbanian, E., Alivand vafa, M., Farhoudi, M. & Nazari, M. (2019). The Effect of Computer- based Cognitive Rehabilitation Intervention on Improving Selective Attention, Sustained Attention, and Divided Attention of Patients with Stroke in Tabriz. Journal of Neuropsychology, (16), 157-172. [In Persian]
Kapoor, V., & Yadav, J. (2020). Impact of resilience on academic burnout-student engagement relationship: an empirical study, International Journal of Advance Science and Technology, 29 (10), 6475-6487.
Klocokova, D., & Munk, M. (2011). Usage analysis in the web- based distance Learning environment in a foreign Language education: Case study. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 993-997. doi:10.1016/ j.sbsro.2011.03.227
Larson, EB., Feigon, M., Gagliardo, P., & Dvorkin, AY. (2014). Virtual reality and cognitive rehabilitation: a review of current outcome research. Neuro Rehabilitation, 34(4), 759-772. doi:10.3233/NRE-141078
Linenbrink, E. A. & Pintrich, P. R. (2002). Motivational as enabler of academic success. School Psychology Review, 31(3), 313-327. Doi: Org/10.1080/02796015.2002.12086158
Luo, Y., Wang, Z., Zhang, H., & Chen, A. (2016). The influence of family Socio- economic status on academic burnout in adolescents: mediating and moderating effects. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(7), 2111-2119. doi:org/10.1007/s10826-016-0400-2
Madigan, D. J., & Kim, L. E. (2021). Does teacher burnout affect students? A systematic review of its association with academic achievement and student-reported outcomes. International journal of educational research, 105(2), 101714
May, R.W., Seibert, G.S., Sanchez- Gonzalez, M.A., & Fincham, F.D. (2018). School burnout and heart rate variability: risk of cardiovascular disease and hypertension in young adult females. Streess- the Internationa Journal on the Biology of Stress, 21(3), 211-216. doi:10.1080/10253890-2018.1433161
Mohammadlou, A., Morovati, Z., & Yousefi Afrashteh, M. (2021). The effectiveness of computerized cognitive rehabilitation on creative problem solving and information processing speed of elementary school female students. Quarterly Journal of Applied Psychological Research, 12(3), 307-333. [In Persian]
Narimani, M., Aali Sari, K., & Mousazadeh, T. (2013). Comparing the effectiveness of education focused on emotion and impulse control on academic burnout and positive and negative emotions of students with learning disabilitation. Journal of learning disabilities, 3(3), 79-99.
Pham, L. B., & Taylor, S. E. (1999). From thought to action: Effects of process-versus outcome-based mental simulations on performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25(2), 250-260.
Reddick, W.E., White, H.A., Glass, J.O., Wheeler, G.C., Thompson, S.J., Gajjar, A., & Mulhern, R.K. (2003). Developmental model relating white matter volume to neurocognitive deficits in pediatric brain tumor survivors. Cancer: Interdisciplinary International Journal of the American Cancer Society, 97(10), 2512-2519. doi:10.1002/cncr.11355.PMID: 12733151
Rezayi, A. M., Jahan, F. & Rahimi, M. (2016). Academic Performance: The Role of Achievement Goals and Achievement Motivation. Quarterly Journal of Educational Psychology, 42(12), 151-169. [In Persian]
Salmela‐Aro, K., Kiuru, N., & Nurmi, J. E. (2008). The role of educational track in adolescents' school burnout: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 78(4), 663-689. doi:10.1348/000709908X281628
Seif, A., (1388). Teaching and Learning methods, Tehran: Doran Publications. [In Persian]
Singh, L. B., Kumar, A., & Srivastava, S. (2020). Academic burnout and student engagement: a moderated mediation model of internal locus of control and loneliness. Journal of International Education in Business, 2(14), 219-239.
Singh, S. K. (2015). Mental Health and Academic Achievement of College Students. The international Journal of lndian psychology, 4(2), 2349-3429. doi:10.25215/0204.951
Svaerke, K. W., Omkvist, K. V., Havsteen, I. B., & Christensen, H. K. (2019). Computer-based cognitive rehabilitation in patients with visuospatial neglect or homonymous hemianopia after stroke. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 28(11), 104356.
Tamm, L., Epstein, J.N., Peugh, J.L., Nakonezny, P.A., & Hughes, C.W. (2013). Preliminary data suggesting the efficacy of attention training for school- aged Children with ADHD. Developmental cognitive neuroscience, 4.16-28. doi: 10.1016/ j.dcn. 2012.11.004
Thorell, L.B., Nutley, S.B., Bohlin, G., & Klingberg. T. (2009). Training and transfer effects of executive functions in preschool Children. Developmental Science, 12(1), 106-113. doi:10.1111/j, 1467-7687-2008.00745.x
Wang, M. T., Chow, A., Hofkens, T., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2015). The trajectories of student emotional engagement and school burnout with academic and psychological development: Findings from Finnish adolescents. Learning and Instruction, 36, 57-65.
Yarahmadi, Y., Naderi, N., Akbari, M. & Yagoubi, A. (2019). The Effectiveness of Curriculum based on Academic Resilience in Students Academic Procrastination and Performance. Journal of Research in Teaching, 7(1), 226-243. [In Persian]