The Effectiveness of the training Metacomprehension Strategies on the Reading Function of Students with Specific Learning Disorder

Document Type : Research Article


1 1. M.A. Student, Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran


Objective: Reading disorder is one of the common types of learning disorder, which refers to acquisition deficiency of reading skills. The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of the training metacomprehension strategies on the reading function of students with specific learning disorder in elementary school.
Method: The present research method was single case with A-B-A design. For this purpose, among the 11-year-old students who were studying in the schools of Isfahan city in the academic year of 2020-21, three students with reading learning disorder who met entering criteria were selected by using the purposeful sampling method as research samples. Then, each subject was studied and intervened in 11 sessions of 45 minutes. In order to collect the data, various tools were used including: the Demographic Questionnaire, Raven's Progressive Matrices, Nema Reading, and the Dyslexia Test (Karami Nouri and Moradi, 2014). After that, the research data were analyzed by using various method, including: the visual analysis, trend index and stability index, percentage of overlapping and non-overlapping data.  In the visual analysis of the data graph, the intervention was effective in all 3 subjects. The total index of non-overlapping data of the subjects was 80%, the overlapped data was 20%, the recovery percentage was 10.16 and the Cohen's effect size was 1.55. This effectiveness was still evident in the follow-up phase.
Results: The results of the present study showed that the training of the metacomprehension strategies had a significant effect on the reading function of all three students.
Conclusion: Therefore, it can be concluded that the training of the metacomprehension strategies is effective on the reading function of students with specific learning disorder and this intervention can be used in teaching and treating of students with reading learning disorder


Main Subjects

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